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Chronicles the history of cocaine from its origins to its medical uses in the nineteenth century, repression during the twentieth, and reemergence as an illegal substance in the early twenty-first, and examines the roles played by Andean individuals such as Peruvian pharmacists and Colombian traffickers.
"In 1971, President Richard Nixon coined the term "War on Drugs." His campaign to eradicate illegal drug use was picked up by the media and championed by succeeding presidents, including Reagan. Canada was a willing ally in this "war," and is currently cracking down on drug offences at a time when even the U.S. is beginning to climb down from its reliance on incarceration"
A Brief History of Cocaine, Second Edition provides a fascinating historical insight into the reasons why cocaine use is increasing in popularity and why the rise of the cocaine trade is tightly linked with the rise of terrorism The author illustrates the challenges faced by today's governments and explains why current anti-drug efforts have had only a limited effect on this global market.
This updated edition reexamines the impact of cocaine production, trade, and consumption on society beginning in the 16th century. It shows how the commercialization of cocaine was driven by cartels of Swiss and German pharmaceutical companies and private enterprises across Europe, Asia, and the United States. The author shows how government policies slowly transformed from trade, shipping, and manufacturing regulations, with little or no success in stemming the flow of drugs. The book describes how anti-drug laws, treaties, and costly initiatives involving crop substitution, crop suppression, interdiction, and international cooperation were first attempted more than 400 years ago and why these strategies failed for Colonial Spain and later backfired on the League of Nations. The author shows how economic necessity among growers, the environmental impact of pesticides, the potential for genetic engineering of coca plants, and other loopholes have actually been counterproductive, undermining the current efforts to curb the cocaine trade.
Cocaine: from medical marvel to modern menace in the United States, 1884-1920 by Joseph F. Spillane; Barry E. Kosofsky
Publication Date: 1999-12-10
In 1884 American physicians discovered the anesthetic value of cocaine, and over the next three decades this substance derived from the coca plant became so popular that it became, ironically, a public health problem. Demand exceeded supply; abuse proliferated. The black market produced a legendary underground of "cocaine fiends." As attempts at regulation failed, Congress in 1914 banned cocaine outright, and America launched its longstanding war against now-illegal drugs.
Challenging "traditional thinking about both the 'rise' and 'fall' of drug problems" (which makes legal prohibition the pivotal point in the story), Spillane examines phenomena that have eluded earlier students of drug history. He explores the role of American business in fostering consumer interest in cocaine during the years when no law proscribed its use, the ways in which authorities and social agents tried nonetheless to establish informal controls on the substance, and the mixed results they achieved.
In asking how this pain-allaying drug became recognizably dangerous, how reformers tried to ameliorate its social effects, and how an underground of cocaine abusers developed even before regulation of the drug industry as a whole, Spillane discovers contingency, complication, and mixed motives. Arguing that the underground drug culture had origins other than in federal prohibition can tell us as we face questions about drug policy today.
Cocaine by Dominic Streatfeild
Publication Date: 2003-07-01
Chronicles the history of cocaine from the first known medical use of coca in South America to its illegal use worldwide in the twenty-first century, examining its effects on societies over more than five hundred years.
Killing Pablo by Mark Bowden
Publication Date: 2002-04-02
Traces the rise of Columbian drug lord Pablo Escobar and his ultimate defeat--death in 1993, after a sixteen-month manhunt, at the hands of a Columbian Search Bloc team with help from the U.S.
A Narco History by Carmen Boullosa; Mike Wallace
Publication Date: 2016-11-15
The term “Mexican Drug War” misleads. It implies that the ongoing bloodbath, which has now killed well over 100,000 people, is an internal Mexican affair.
But this diverts attention from the U.S. role in creating and sustaining the carnage. It’s not just that Americans buy drugs from, and sell weapons to, Mexico’s murderous cartels. It’s that ever since the U.S. prohibited the use and sale of drugs in the early 1900s, it has pressured Mexico into acting as its border enforcer—with increasingly deadly consequences.
Mexico was not a helpless victim. Powerful forces within the country profited hugely from supplying Americans with what their government forbade them. But the policies that spawned the drug war have proved disastrous for both countries.
Home Grown by Isaac Campos
Publication Date: 2012-01-01
Discusses the social and cultural history of marijuana in Mexico.
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