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Extended Essay Guide: Drafting Your Paper

Paragraph Development

  • Indent the first line of each paragraph.
  • If a paragraph is nearly a page or more longer, then it is probably too long for the reader to contemplate and should be divided into smaller paragraphs.
  • Every paragraph needs to relate to the research question.

Helpful Links: Paragraph Development.   Paragraph Structure.

Making an Argument

Using Evidence

Analysis vs Summary

 

Summary:  Describes the evidence.

Analysis:  an explanation of the evidence in terms of the answer to your research question in order to look for meaning in the following contexts:

Who: those involved

 

What: the event or topic being covered

 

When: time, period, era, night or day

 

Where: the location, distance, place

 

Why: the cause or causes

 

How: the process(es)

Relationships, trends, patterns

 

Roles of people, places, objects, situations

 

Consequences or results of events, decisions and processes

 

Causes and their effects

 

Advantages & disadvantages/ gains & losses

 

Strengths/weaknesses

Words that Signify Analysis:  Although, šAccordingly, šAs a result, Because, But, Consequently, šDespite, šEven if, Even though, Therefore, Thus, While, Yet, while the…, Which allowed for…, Which resulted in the…, Which meant that…Furthermore, šHence, however (not the first word in sentence), In addition,  In particular, In spite of, Moreover, Nevertheless, šNotwithstanding, šRather, Reason, Regardless of, Since, The fact that…, The result was…, This why…, What this shows is…

Templates

Here are some templates to help you present both your sources ideas and your own ideas fairly and effectively in your paper.

Graphic Organizers