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Extended Essay Guide: Drafting Your Paper

Paragraph Development

  • Indent the first line of each paragraph.
  • If a paragraph is nearly a page or more longer, then it is probably too long for the reader to contemplate and should be divided into smaller paragraphs.
  • Every paragraph needs to relate to the research question.

Helpful Links: Paragraph Development.   Paragraph Structure.

Making an Argument

Using Evidence

Analysis vs Summary


Summary:  Describes the evidence.

Analysis:  an explanation of the evidence in terms of the answer to your research question in order to look for meaning in the following contexts:

Who: those involved


What: the event or topic being covered


When: time, period, era, night or day


Where: the location, distance, place


Why: the cause or causes


How: the process(es)

Relationships, trends, patterns


Roles of people, places, objects, situations


Consequences or results of events, decisions and processes


Causes and their effects


Advantages & disadvantages/ gains & losses



Words that Signify Analysis:  Although, šAccordingly, šAs a result, Because, But, Consequently, šDespite, šEven if, Even though, Therefore, Thus, While, Yet, while the…, Which allowed for…, Which resulted in the…, Which meant that…Furthermore, šHence, however (not the first word in sentence), In addition,  In particular, In spite of, Moreover, Nevertheless, šNotwithstanding, šRather, Reason, Regardless of, Since, The fact that…, The result was…, This why…, What this shows is…


Here are some templates to help you present both your sources ideas and your own ideas fairly and effectively in your paper.

Graphic Organizers